Mount Tambora is in Sumbawa Island in Indonesia. Known for the largest volcanic eruption in recorded history, Mount Tambora has fascinated people around the world for almost two centuries now. Here are some Mount Tambora facts for kids.
Mount Tambora is a Stratavolcano.
A stratavolcano is steeper than a typical mountain with a history of active or dormant volcanic occurrences. Mount Tambora has several layers of deposits of volcanic ash, cooled and hardened lava, pumice and tephra. The mountain was raised up to 4,300 meters after the eruption in 1815.
Erupted in 1815
The only known volcanic eruption that outmatched Mount Tambora’s eruption in 1815 was that of the Lake Taupo which is believed to have happened circa 180 AD. Before the eruption on 5th April, 1815, there were several smaller eruptions and it is said that one could see steam emitting from the peak for as many as six months prior to the massive eruption. According to documented reports, people living as far as nine hundred miles away managed to hear the thunderous explosion.
Changed the World
An event of that magnitude would always have an impact on the immediate environment and on the world. Mount Tambora was so massive that there were three columns of fire. It remains one of the largest volcanic peaks in the world. The amount of volcanic ash emitted from the eruption blocked out the sun in the island for more than one season. Indonesians spent a year without a proper summer. The environmental impact of Mount Tambora explosion was not limited to South East Asia or even the southern hemisphere. There was a cooling impact felt as far as northern United States.
Left its Mark Behind
The caldera formed as a result of the eruption is three miles wide and more than three thousand six hundred feet deep. It is one of the largest calderas in the world.
Still Remains Acive
Mount Tambora is an active volcano and it has a long history of frightening eruptions. Radiocarbon dating has helped in identifying at least three incidents when Mount Tambora erupted in the past. It is estimated that one eruption occurred circa 3900 BC, another circa 3000 BC and another circa 740 AD. Many small and relatively nonthreatening explosions are reported from time to time. An eruption was reported in 1967 but it was non explosive. There were reports of another small but harmless eruption in 2011.
Mount Tambora eruption remains the most terrifying volcanic event in recent history.